We have come to the close of the Coptic Year of the Martyrs 1733AM (Anno Martyrum). The Coptic Orthodox Church runs on the Ancient Egyptian Calendar of 13 months where the New Year falls on September 11. However, the Church reset the year to commemorate the martyrdom of Christians by the Roman emperor Diocletian hence the name Anno Martyrom (AM) the Year of the Martyrs. This occurred in the Western year of 284AD.
The Egyptian (not Arabic) word used in the celebration is called Nayrouz, which means feast of the rivers and has become synonymous with the celebration of the Egyptian (Coptic) New Year.
Festive Season: The duration from the Coptic New Year till the Feast of the Honorable Cross (Sept. 27) is a festive time. Wednesday and Friday fasting remain and also without fish, but there is no abstinence time during this season.